(Cover Image: The only free drinkable water fountain that I could find in the Stockholm)

…The world of the 21st century is struggling with lots of different issues, starting from lack of food and clean water, polluted air, lack of acceptable accommodation and jobs for ever growing human population, health problems, war zone problems etc. The list is just too long.

I was writing about this problems in posts Is Water the Essence of Life? and What Do We Need To Live A Sustainable Life?

In this post I will like to say something about the problems of the first two mentioned issues that I wrote in my first sentence, air and water.

Polluted air and lack of free water is not only the problem in the poor and undeveloped countries of Africa, Asia and South America, but also in the richest countries of North America and Europe.

Before I came to Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, I was living two years in Munich in Bavaria, South Germany, and a month in Austria, namely in the cities of Graz and Salzburg.

And all the cities were I was living, working or just passing-by like Graz, Salzburg, Munich, Augsburg, Berlin, Malmö, Stockholm have a lot of diferent problems. One of those problems is a lack of free water sources in the outdoors, as well as free toilet system, especially designed for poorer part of population, like unemployed and homeless, the part of population that is in high increase in the last few years in all of USA and Europe, especially in Germany and Sweden.

Due to the fact that I was also unemployed and homeless in Munich, before I got a job there, and I’m still unemployed and homeless here in Stockholm, I could see lot of problems in this country that the local employed people try to ignore.

Problem No. 1 – Air Pollution

In many industrialized countries like UK, USA, and the new capitalist and pro-capitalist countries like India and China, air pollution is a big issue, so much that some people have to wear special protection while walking the city streets.

Big air pollution in China (USA Today)

Air, as it is made by nature, should be free to use by everybody and everywhere 24/7, but the problem is how to keep it clean and fresh. One of the solutions, which are already applied in some countries, is to use only environment friendly systems, like alternative energy systems (solar cells, hydrogen fuel cells, water turbines, wind mills, sea and ocean waves technology etc.), everywhere, especially in the industries, households, cars and other transport systems, other public and private areas.

To keep the air clean, we should create special tax system for keeping the air clean, paying that should be provided by donations, not by obligations ( I will write about special tax and insurance systems of the future in one special article).

Problem No. 2 – Lack of free and clean water

As was mentioned above about the air, it should be applied to problems with clean and drinkable water.

However, we should take into consideration that from all the natural and drinkable water resources, only one part should be used for supplying cities and villages with modern water pipe systems (for exp. 50 %).

Other part should be left alone, to remain clean and fresh, in the form of mountain or forests water sources, by the lakes and rivers, etc. To be used for free by all passers-by, especially the hikers, adventurers, local population, as well as for the wild animals and plants.


From that part of the water resources that will be used to supply the inhabited areas, it should be noted that it must be used economically and environmentally acceptable, so that there are as little leakage and malfunctions as possible.

One of the biggest problems in some modern cities like Munich and Stockholm is that there are no or very little free drinkable water fountains, which is a big problem for the all population, especially for the poor, unemployed and homeless.

Modern and clean free water system, with drinking water and cleaning hands, Filmhuset (Swedish Film Institute), Stockholm

In every city, there should be some free drinkable water fountains, like for example:

1 000 – 10 000 residents 》 minimum one fountain in the city’s centrum

10 000 – 100 000 resid. 》 minimum one in the centrum, one in the suburbs

100 000 – 1 mil. resid. 》minimum one in every bigger neighborhood 

more than 1 mil. resid. 》minimum two in every bigger neighborhood (neighb. like Norrmalm or Södermalm in Stockholm, or Pasing or Isarvorstadt in Munich)

Also, free drinkable water resources should be available in every closed public areas like government buildings, public libraries, shopping centres, closed food marketplaces etc.

Left – old non-useable water fountain; right – useable water fountain, but only for marketplace workers that open the pipe with the special card; both in Stockholm centre

As far as for the payment system, it should be part of the WATER TAX, where the companies or the households should be paying it by donations. Only thing that should be payed for is the water pipes setting-up and its maintenance, that is provided by the public company.

What cities that you know have or have not free drinkable water fountains or resources in the outdoor? Is there free water in public indoor areas in your town?

Feel free to write their names down in the comments.

For example, I will mention my hometown Zagreb, capital of Croatia, where almost all water fountains and public toilettes are free to use, everyday, almost 24 hrs a day.

Thanks for reading!

P.S. Photo merging made with the help of online website IMG online

Thanks, IMG! 😊